We are seeing patients in-person and through Video Visits. Learn more about how we’re keeping you safe and please review our updated visitor policy. Please also consider supporting Weill Cornell Medicine’s efforts to support our front-line workers.
Concussion and Brain Injury Clinic

You are here

Brain Injury Assessments and Treatments

Not every concussion requires a trip to the emergency room, but  everyone who suffers a concussion should be seen by a concussion specialist as soon as possible after the injury. (See How Soon to Treat a Concussion)

Phase 1 (immediately after the injury) is acute care, meaning a visit to the emergency room to rule out any brain bleed or other serious brain injuries. For concussions that don’t require emergency room visits, or as follow-up to an evaluation in the emergency room, an individual should go through three additional phases of assessment and treatment:

Phase 2 (within a day or two of the injury, whether or not the patient has not gone to the ER) consists of a neurological and neuropsychological examination that can be conducted as an outpatient.

  • A neurological exam assesses any physical symptoms that are the result of brain injury and includes evaluation by a neurologist (who may order imaging studies).
  • Neuropsychological testing helps to identify any cognitive problems such as issues with memory, attention, or reasoning that might be due to the concussion.
  • These neurological and neuropsychological evaluations contribute to the Roadmap to Recovery, including a recommendation of when to return to school, work, and/or athletics.

Phase 3 (based on the results of the assessment) may simply consist of monitoring to ensure full recovery; if continuing symptoms warrant it, this phase may include treatment for a variety of post-concussion issues, including:

  • Neurological problems such as headache, sleep, and dizziness, which are addressed by a neurologist who may prescribe medication or monitor recovery
  • Cognitive and emotional problems, which are are addressed with neuropsychological treatment
  • Visual or balance problems, which are addressed by an ophthalmologist or physiatrist as needed

Phase 4 (if needed) is follow-up as required with a neurologist or neuropsychologist for recurring problems, continuing until a full recovery is reached.

Video: Nutrition and Brain Injury

Brain Injury and Food

Concussion Hotline

Expert help is just a
phone call away!

212-746-1112

Whether your concussion was an hour ago or a year ago, we take your symptoms seriously. For expert assessment, call us or use our online form.
Request an AppointmentNeed a Second Opinion?